Linear Fluorescent Lamp - Working

The fundamental means for conversion of electrical energy into radiant energy in a fluorescent lamp relies on inelastic scattering of electrons. An incident electron collides with an atom in the gas. If the free electron has enough kinetic energy, it transfers energy to the atom's outer electron, causing that electron to temporarily jump up to a higher energy level. This is why the collision is called 'inelastic,' as some of the energy is transferred. 

linear fluorescent woking